Install pgAudit in your AWS RDS instance

Install pgAudit in your AWS RDS instance

Basic setup

First we’ll have to create an AWS RDS DB for this. We’ll use minimal permissions for this setup so that we can easily understand what’s going on.

Step 1: Create Database

Create your AWS account. Go to AWS RDS tab and click on “Create Database”

Step 2: Select Database

Standard create and postgreSQL

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Select pg Version to the latest

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And use free tier for now

Step 3: Add credentials

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Username: postgres MasterPassword: postgres

For now.

Step 4: Allocate storage

Allocate the minimum possible storage for now

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Step 5: Network

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Create a new VPC for this RDS DB and create new security groups. Make ssure that they allow all traffic for now. Let’s improve the security later

Step 6: Set public access

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Remember to set Public access to true since we want to login from psql.

Step 7: DB Parameter group

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Remember the DB Parameter group name since we need to tweak it later for installing pgAudit

Step 8: Configure logging

This is the important part

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Configure log exports to Cloudwatch. Create a service linked role with necessary permissions if you haven’t. Give it admin access for now.

That’s it now click on “create database” and wait for the instance to be available

Step 9: Installing pgAudit

Follow this video for setting up your DB Parameter group, installing pgAudit and enabling it.

Everything Is AWESOME

To load pgAudit, you need to configure the DB Parameter group to the following:

Set pgaudit.log to none, we’ll change this later from psql: Alt text

Load shared libraries via shared_preload_libraries:

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Set the pgaudot.role to the rds_pgaudit

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Restart the instance and you should be able to use pgAudit

Log into your RDS using psql using

psql postgresql://

Then create a role for pgAudit

postgres=> CREATE ROLE rds_pgaudit; 

Check that the libraries are loaded

postgres=> show shared_preload_libraries;

Then enable the extension

postgres=> CREATE EXTENSION pgaudit;

Enable logs for pgAudit

For now, for testing purposes set log level to CREATE

postgres=> ALTER DATABASE test_database set pgaudit.log="CREATE"; 

But ideally, it should be

postgres=> ALTER DATABASE test_database set pgaudit.log="ALL"; 

Step 10: Testing that pgAudit works

In the psql shell

postgres=> CREATE TABLE test_table (id int);
postgres=> SELECT * FROM test_table;

Go to logs & events tab

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and check that the logs are reflected by clicking view on the latest written log file

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Rocketgraph setup

Alternatively you can create a project using Rocketgraph that comes with pgAudit enabled. You just need to do step 9. And once you create extension, you can see all your logs nicely like this:

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You can check out the demo here